1st Workshop on Analysis and Recording of Cultural Heritage in Venice

Participants visiting Fondazione Giorgio Cini Photolibrary © Osama Dawod
3D recording using photogrammetry at Fondazione Giorgio Cini during the workshop © Osama Dawod
Ilenia Maschietto presenting Fondazione Giorgio Cini' Rare Books Collection © Osama Dawod
Class on Rare Books in the Manica Lunga Library © Osama Dawod
Recording Rare Books at ARCHiVe during the workshop © Osama Dawod
Recording with Lucida 3D Scanner at Palazzo Cini Gallery © ARCHiVe
Photogrammetry lesson at Palazzo Cini Gallery © ARCHiVe
Group photo with workshop participants and lecturers © ARCHiVe

key details

9 October — 13 October 2023
Venice, Island of San Giorgio Maggiore
30 hours; 9:30am — 6:30pm

about

One of the main goals of ARCHiVe is to increase in person training through specific workshops that attract students and professionals from diverse backgrounds with diverse skills. Based on previous experiences in Columbia University (NYC), Palazzo Te (Mantua) and other institutions, the first ARCHiVe Onsite Academy one-week (30 hours) workshop in Venice took place in October 2023.

This training initiative focused on the application of non-contact, high-resolution digital technologies to document a selection of art, archival, and architectural elements of great historical interest. The workshop introduced participants to specific 2D and 3D digitisation techniques and methods that ARCHiVe has pioneered in recent years through various cutting-edge projects in Venice and internationally.

Following a learning-by-doing approach, the course included both theoretical and practical training. It was designed for a select group of participants, including students and professionals with diverse backgrounds, who had the opportunity to learn directly from experts at Factum Foundation and Fondazione Giorgio Cini. The workshop addressed the theme of the diversity of documentary types and artifacts within the rich collections of Fondazione Giorgio Cini, serving as an example of the variety of Cultural Heritage in general. The diversity aspect poses significant technical and scientific challenges, as distinct materials require various approaches and technologies for managing, recording, and enhancing the Heritage.

Programme

October 9, 2023

Theory Session 1

  • Costanza Blaskovic
  • Ilenia Maschietto
  • Joan Porcel
  • Valentina Venturi

Beginning with a general introduction to ARCHiVe and to Cini’s collections, the class continues with the fundamentals of photography theory applied to digitisation of cultural heritage. Special highlight is given to the 2D recording systems developed and employed at ARCHiVe: the participants visit ARCHiVe laboratory to observe the recording technologies in action.

The session ends with a comprehensive guided tour of Fondazione Giorgio Cini, covering the cloisters, the monumental staircase, the photolibraries, and libraries, with a particular focus on the rare books collection in the Manica Lunga Library. There the participants have the opportunity to analyse a showcase of a selection of unique or rare pieces from the library collections, guided through the history of books and print.

October 10, 2023

Hands-on Practical 2D recording + 2D post-processing

  • Irene Bigolin
  • Costanza Blaskovic
  • Joan Porcel

The first hands-on session of the workshop see the participants divided in small groups to record a selection of documents with Replica scanner, V-scanner, and Vacuum plane. Each student gets a chance to try every recording system while digitising: 

  • a rare book from the Fondazione Giorgio Cini collection: Aelius Donatus, Pro impetrando ad rempublicam litterariam… Venezia, Lucantonio Giunta, 1510. 
  • documents from Ettore Sottsass Jr. (1907-2017) archive: photographic positives, notes, booklets, correspondence, and other loose sheets, part of the architecture and design projects of the author’s archive at Cini. 

Then, an introduction to specific methods for post-processing 2D image file awaits the participants: processing, management, and archiving systems for 2D information, and the potential of AI in data management. 

October 10, 2023

Hands-on Practical 3D recording

  • Carlos Bayod
  • Osama Dawod
  • Carolina Gris

Divided into three groups, the participants get specific training and work with Lucida, Photogrammetry and LiDAR, recording different areas and artworks of Fondazione Cini.

The participants are trained to the technical and practical aspects of the recording with the different systems and get to know which methods should be used for the different type of artworks and locations (paintings, scultpures, architectures). 

Each day one group dedicates to one system so that by the end of the week each student gets a chance to practice for a whole session with every 3D recording system.

October 11, 2023

Theory session 2 + 3D post-processing

  • Carlos Bayod
  • Osama Dawod
  • Carolina Gris

The third day starts with a theory class about 3D digital preservation: skills, methods, results, and uses. 

Then, the class introduces to the post-processing of data recorded with Lucida. 

Ther materials recorded with Lucida included: 

  • two canvases from the Foresteria of Fondazione Cini (Paesaggio con figure e Paesaggio con cascata e figure, attributed to Marco Ricci, C. XVII-XVIII).

October 11, 2023

Hands-on Practical 3D recording 

  • Carlos Bayod
  • Osama Dawod
  • Carolina Gris

The workshop continues with a visit to the refectory of the Fondazione to analyse the Nozze di Cana facsimile (created by Factum in 2006) on the way to the recording sites of Foresteria and Corridor of Art History Institute at Fondazione Cini.

There, the groups work with Lucida, Photogrammetry and LiDAR recording different artpieces and getting specific training for each technique. 

October 12, 2023

Theory session 3 + 3D post-processing

  • Costanza Blaskovic
  • Osama Dawod
  • Ilenia Maschietto
  • Valentina Venturi
  • Joan Porcel Pascual

The fourth day continue with a theory class about 2D digital preservation, with a focus on the creation of digital libraries and digital archives (including archival description and architecture of data).

Follows an introduction to the post-processing of data recorded with Photogrammetry.

The pieces recorded with Photogrammetry included:

  • high and low reliefs in the corridor of the Art History Institute of Fondazione Cini (C. XV-XVI).

October 12, 2023

Hands-on Practical 3D recording

  • Carlos Bayod
  • Osama Dawod
  • Carolina Gris

The workshop moves to the Galleria of Palazzo Cini where the participants have the opportunity of visiting the exhibiting spaces. There, the groups work with Lucida, Photogrammetry and LiDAR on a selection of artworks:

  • with Lucida the participants practice on two canvases from the Palazzo Cini Gallery (Testa di orientale dalla barba scura, Lorenzo Tiepolo, and Testa di orientale dalla barba grigia, Giandomenico Tiepolo, 1753-1755);
  • using Photogrammetry they focus on the recording of a wooden sculpture from the Cini collection (Madonna con il bambino, late C. XIV – beginning XV);
  • LiDAR thecnology is used to record the interiors of Palazzo Cini (as well as the Cini’s Foresteria during the previous days).

October 13, 2023

Theory session 4

  • Carlos Bayod

Concludes the classes a theory session about 3D digital preservation with the presentation of relevant case studies.

With the support of the instructors, each group gathers the data acquired and post-processed during the past week to prepare a conclusive presentation to be shared in the afternoon with the colleagues, the instructors and a selected audience of experts.

October 13, 2023

Final presentation of the preliminary results of the workshop

  • all participants

Each group present to the audience two recording techniques (one 2D and one 3D) summarising the tasks for capturing, processing and archiving the data from a technical point of view.

Moreover, each team proposes possible outputs for the data: how to use the recorded information to preserve, study and disseminate cultural heritage.

Feedbacks

“This workshop was instrumental in enhancing my capabilities and it also allowed me to learn from well-regarded institutions in the field. The accessibility and kindness of everyone involved in the workshop created a supportive atmosphere that I believe should be fostered within our professional community.”

“Your teams introduced me to numerous new possibilities for applying digital technologies in research, recording, preservation, and the reuse of cultural heritage. I am truly grateful for this enriching experience.”

“The practical training has been really valuable for me, because I had less experience in that. The training did confirm to me that I see myself working in this field and further develop my skills. I also loved the diversity in backgrounds and network wise the training has thus also been really meaningful!”

“The background diversity has been a strength point and a key value of the course. The course has represented an opportunity to enlarge horizons and have an interdisciplinary dialogue.”

Technologies

LiDAR 3D Scanning

LiDAR is a 3D recording method that uses laser pulses to measure distance. It produces a 'point cloud' of xyz coordinates, which can be turned into a 3D model. LiDAR complements other recording method[...]

Lucida 3D Scanner

The Lucida 3D Scanner is a non-contact laser recording system that captures high-resolution surface texture data for low-relief surfaces. It records 3D data in 48 cm x 48 cm ’tiles’ by projecting [...]

Photogrammetry

Photogrammetry is a 3D recording technique that uses 2D images to create a digital 3D model of an object or surface. It involves taking hundreds of overlapping photographs and processing them using sp[...]

Replica

The Replica 360 Recto/Verso is a cutting edge recording system designed and realised by Factum Foundation. Its first prototype was conceived for Fondazione Cini back in 2015 for the Replica Project wh[...]

Reproduction Stand

The reproduction stand is a system for acquiring two-dimensional material in a small format (approx. 20x30 cm) created within Fondazione Cini. In response to the need to digitise photographic negat[...]

V Scanner

The V Scanner is a photographic set built within Fondazione Cini. Based on an open-access design and adapted to the needs of Cini's book collections, it is meant to acquire bound material quickly and [...]

Vacuum Table

The vacuum table is a system for acquiring two-dimensional documents. Created within Fondazione Cini, gives a response to the need to digitise large-format documents, delicate, creased or folded. The [...]